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Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) Treatments

Conditions approved by the UHMS, The Undersea And Hyperbaric Medical Society, for treatment with Hyperbaric Oxygen

Logo - The Undersea And Hyperbaric Medical Society

1. Air or Gas Embolism
2. Carbon Monoxide
3. Clostridal Myositis & Myonecrosis (Gas Gangrene)
4. Crush Injury
5. Decompression Sickness and Arterial Gas Embolism
6. Enhancement of Healing In Selected Problems Wounds
7. Exceptional Blood Loss - Anemia
8. Intracranial Abscess
9. Necrotizing Soft Tissue Infections
10. Refractory Osteomyelitis
11. Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatments For Complications of Radiation Therapy
12. Skin Grafts And Flaps (Compromised)
13. Thermal Burns
 

Secondary, non UHMS approved, indications for Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy

Traumatic Brain Injury and Coma, Stroke, Cerebral Palsy, Autism and Epilepsy, Age-related Macular Degeneration, Alzheimer's Disease, Plastic Surgery, Heart Disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Migraines, Substance Abuse, Lyme Disease, Fungal Infections, Near Drowning, Back Problems, Post Polio Syndrome, Glaucoma, Scleroderma, Peripheral Neuropathy, Chronic Fatigue, Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, Immune Balance, Sports Injuries, Frost Bite, Crohn's Disease and Colitis, Lymphedema, Crohn's Disease, Chemical Detox

 

Complications from radiation therapy

Radiation therapy for invasive cancer is very toxic, especially when combined with chemotherapy. Radiation side effects are generally divided into two categories.

First, there are those that happen during or just after the treatment, called acute reactions that almost always resolve with time and are treated in such a way as to address the patient’s symptoms. Fortunately, normal tissue cells have excellent repair abilities and within a few weeks after the completion of radiation, this damage is repaired. In the meantime, the patient is supported with pain medicine and supplemental nutrition.

Second, there are those that happen months or even years after the treatment, called chronic complications that are likely to get worse. Almost all chronic radiation complications result from scarring and narrowing of blood vessels. If this process progresses, death or necrosis of these tissues can occur.

The high dose oxygen provided in the HBOT treatment is carried in the patient’s circulation to the site of injury to be available for repair of the damage done by the narrowing and scarring of the blood vessels. Each treatment typically takes one to two hours, and usually 30-40 daily treatments are needed for healing radiation damage.

HBOT can help in dealing with these chronic complications:

Childhood Conditions

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) may be an effective treatment for childhood conditions like Cerebral Palsy (CP), Autism and Epilepsy. 

SPECT scans show areas of low perfusion, or oxygen utilization in the brain. After a series of treatments this perfusion is often greatly improved, along with the condition being treated.

Over a course of treatments HBOT can enhance development of  the brain in children by producing growth factors such as VEGF (Vascular endothelial growth factor), serotonin etc. (The maturational changes in the brain and spinal cord do not linearly proceed from immature in infants to mature in adults. Dendrites dynamically extend or retract as growth factors fluctuate.) HBOT helps reduce seizures in epileptics, increase mobility in CP children and improve behaviour and cognition in autistic children.

 

Aging and Wellness

Adults suffering from conditions such as stroke,  diabetes, traumatic brain injury and Alzheimer’s like dementia related to vascular problems also benefit. HBOT helps improve circulation, reduces swelling,  and enhances and balances the body’s immunity and production of growth factors. Improvements in brain perfusion are often seen on SPECT scans. As we get older our mitochondria function less efficiently and create more free radicals. Species whose mitochondria produce the fewest free radicals tend to live the longest.  HBOT can help the mitochondria burn food more efficiently.  HBOT also helps the cells produce beneficial heat shock proteins. 

One of the factors that contributes to longevity is having lungs and a circulatory system that can easily distribute oxygen to the tissues. As people grow older, their ability to absorb oxygen gradually decreases. Conditions like arthritis, memory loss,  bone loss, macular degeneration, heart problems, strokes, atherosclerosis and high blood pressure begin affecting their quality of life. By using HBOT it is possible to periodically restore oxygen levels in the tissues to youthful levels.

In many European, Asian and South American countries HBOT is used for health maintenance by seniors and health conscious individuals. In England, HBOT is used on a maintenance basis weekly or monthly for multiple sclerosis and other conditions.

 

Chronic Pain, Tissue Injuries and Wounds

At higher pressures, 2 atmospheres and above, HBOT is helpful for conditions like chronic regional pain syndrome (CRPS), sports injuries, Crohn's disease, non healing wounds, severe burns, radiation damage from cancer treatment, diabetic ulcers, severe infections, carbon monoxide poisoning and so on. 

HBOT may:

  • Reduce swelling or edema.

  • Reduce reperfusion injury, an immune response to tissues damaged by a lack of oxygen.

  • Enhance collagen formation for wound repair.

  • Enhance osteoclast/osteoblast activity for bone healing.

  • lncrease the micro-circulation for long term increase in nutrient and oxygen delivery to tissues, as well as metabolic waste removal.

  • Enhance white blood cell activity to prevent and heal infections.

  • Assist certain antibiotics to destroy bacteria.

  • Help fight fungal infections.

  • Help mitochondria recover from poisons like carbon monoxide. HBO2 enables the mitochondria to use alternate pathways to produce energy or ATP.

  • Help the liver with detoxification.

  • Assist peripheral nerve growth.

 


Each country's medical associations support a list of approved indications for the uses of HBOT. The current list of approved disorders accepted as indications for HBOT may be found for each of the following societies.

  • Undersea & Hyperbaric Medical Society (UHMS)

  • American College of Hyperbaric Medicine (ACHM)

  • Advisory Committee for Hyperbaric Oxygen in Belgium (ACHOBEL)

  • European Underwater and Baromedical Society (EUBS)

  • British Hyperbaric Association (BHA)

  • Enhances osteoclast/osteoblast activity for bone healing.

  • International Congress on Hyperbaric Medicine (ICHM)

  • South Pacific Underwater Medical Society (SPUMS)

  • German Society of Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine (GTUEM)

  • Japanese Society for Hyperbaric Medicine (JSHM)

  • Chinese Society of Hyperbaric Oxygen Medicine (CSHOM)

  • South African Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Association (SAUHMA)

 

 

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